Friday, June 23, 2023

Doing Research at the Wyoming State Archives is Fun!

Sifting through 19th century documents and struggling to decipher old-fashioned handwriting might not be your idea of a fun time but I recently spent a week at the Wyoming State Archives doing just that and it was wonderful!  I stayed in a nice hotel with a kitchenette in Cheyenne, just off a highway that made it easy to drive to Laramie on the weekend. 
In this post, I’ll describe my trip to Wyoming and include a few of the photos I took.  You can see lots more photos on my Instagram account, PicturingTheWest, about each of the places I discuss here.  Cheyenne and Laramie are fun to visit but this post would be way too long if I wrote in detail about what I did when I was in Wyoming.
I’d been to the Wyoming State Archives several years ago when I first started working on my book about the Wyoming Territorial Penitentiary but at that time, I was just gathering general information.  Now that I have a clear vision for the book and have started writing it, I wanted to find information about specific aspects of the penitentiary and the inmates who were confined there.

Susan seated at a table and doing research at the Wyominng State Archives
Researching at the WY State Archives; note Elnora Frye's book on table

The staff at the Wyoming State Archives could not have been more helpful.  With their support, I was able to find a lot of the info I was looking for.  They also took the photo of me conducting research.  I spent Tuesday through Friday, 8:30am – 4:30pm, from the time it opened to when it closed, going through all the books and boxes of materials I’d identified as being of possible interest.  (On Monday, I arrived mid-morning after first picking up a rental car.)
However, there just wasn’t enough time to read everything from start to finish so I took photos and made scans of material I thought might be useful.  Tip: If you bring your own flash drive, you can make scans for free.  And although I brought my Sony camera with me, taking photos with my phone was much faster and easier (and also free).  Since I planned to use the photos only for research, and not publish them in the book, the quality of the images didn’t matter as long as I could read the text.
I also managed to squeeze in some sightseeing.  The Wyoming State Archives is located in downtown Cheyenne in an area with several other government buildings. One day, I walked over to the Capitol, which I hadn’t seen when I was there years ago.  Another day, I went to the Cheyenne Depot Museum, in the building that used to be the United Pacific Railroad depot.  I wanted to ask a question about the railroad but the person I was told could answer wasn’t there.
On Saturday I drove to Laramie, where the penitentiary is located, and had the honor of meeting Elnora Frye.  Elnora is the author of the Atlas of Wyoming Outlaws at the Territorial Penitentiary.  The book has been an invaluable reference for my project.  We talked for over 3 hours and it was a real pleasure hearing how she got started writing her book and how she found all the info.  Since she wrote it before the Internet existed, Elnora did everything offline.  I was very impressed!

View of the Wyoming Territorial Penitentiary as one facrs the entrance
View of the Wyoming Territorial Penitentiary
The same day, I visited the Laramie Plains Museum.  This was my fourth trip to Laramie but my first time to this museum.  It’s the former home of Edward and Jane Ivinson, prominent citizens of Laramie in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.  I enjoy visiting house museums and this one has several pieces of furniture made by an inmate in the penitentiary that I wanted to see because I plan to include a short biography of him in my book.  I took a tour led by a very knowledgeable docent and then bought some souvenirs in the well-stocked gift shop.

Cabinet at the Laramie Plains Museum made by John Horth
The large cabinet was made by John Hjorth and is in the Laramie Plains Museum
After that, I drove out to see the Fort Sanders Guard House, on the outskirts of Laramie.  Fort Sanders was a military fort and before the penitentiary was built, local people convicted of crimes served time in the Guard House.  All that’s left now of the fort is a shell of the Guard House.  My book goes into much more detail about Fort Sanders and its connection to the penitentiary.

View of the Fort Sanders Guard House under a very overcast sky
All that's left of Fort Sanders is this Guard House
On Sunday, I drove to Laramie again and met with the site superintendent of the Wyoming Territorial Penitentiary.  I had met the previous superintendent but she retired so I wanted to meet her replacement.  We had a very productive meeting.  Then I took a guided tour of the prison and afterwards walked around again on my own.  Seeing the penitentiary never gets old, partly because there are changing exhibitions so I always learn something new each time I visit.
The Overland Trail, a major route for migrants moving West in the 19th century, passed near Laramie.  I drove the 13 or so miles out of town to see a historical marker acknowledging the trail; I briefly discuss the importance of the Overland Trail in my book.  The marker is just off the side of a two-lane road with an information plaque next to it.  Situated in the middle of nowhere in the undulating landscape with mountains in the distance, I tried to envision what it must’ve been like for people traveling in wagons across these high plains.  Turning my back to the cars whizzing by, I could just about imagine it.

Overland Trail historic marker and information board near Laramie
Overland Trail historic marker at left and information board about it at right
Driving from Cheyenne to Laramie and back on I-80, I passed 3 scenic sites of interest so I stopped to take a look.  They were the Tree in the Rock natural feature, the Abraham Lincoln Memorial Monument, and the Ames Monument.  I’ll be posting about each of these attractions on my Instagram account soon.
If you’d like to get updates about the progress of my book, I invite you to like and follow my Facebook page, where I’ll be sharing how things are going.  I’d love to see you there!

Thursday, June 8, 2023

The Deadly Companions - 1961 Movie

Image shows DVD cover of movie. Director Sam Peckinpah's name is at top, underneath is picture of 3 main actors looking serious. Movie title is in center of image and in small text below is a description of the film. At the bottom are the actors' names Brian Keith and Maureen O'Hara.

The Deadly Companions, based on the novel of the same name by A. S. Fleischman, is a short 92-minute movie from1961.  It was the first movie directed by Sam Peckinpah and stars Maureen O’Hara and Brian Keith.


As with many Westerns of this era, The Deadly Companions opens with a shot of a man, who turns out to be a Union solder, walking into a saloon in a nameless town.  He orders tequila, looks around and see a group of men playing cards, and then sees another man, accused of being a “five ace card player,” with a noose around his neck struggling to keep his footing. 


The soldier is about to save the other man when a young guy, with two saloon girls hanging on his arms, shoots the rope instead.  All three men quickly leave.  The young guy is Billy (played by Steve Cochran) and he was supposed to be looking out for his friend, the man he saved whose name is Turk (played by Chill Wills).  They’re Southerners so they call the soldier Yellowleg (played by Brian Keith).  


It looks like Billy and Turk were planning to rob the bank but Yellowleg by force of will convinces them to go to Gila City instead.  Is the name of that town a foreshadowing of the poison that is soon to overwhelm them all?  


They arrive in Gila City, where a group of boys are playing in the street and a lone boy is on the roof of a building playing a harmonica.  Yellowleg tells Turk to see to the horses and he and Billy enter the saloon to satisfy their thirst.  Yellowleg and Billy manage to get served but Turk is out of luck because it’s being transformed into a church and no liquor can be served until the service is over.  Turk insists, though, and gets his way.


The townspeople enter the saloon and sit on the benches set up for them, warily eyeing the strangers on the other side of the room.  A woman (played by Maureen O’Hara) and the boy who played the harmonica enter and the other women start gossiping about her morals, or lack thereof.


The reverend reminds all the men to remove their hats.  That’s a problem for Yellowleg who, for some unknown reason, refuses.  He leaves the saloon and goes to a doctor instead, who seems to recognize who he is.  Yellowleg asks about getting a bullet removed from his shoulder but when told he’d be laid up for a while, decides against the operation.  He does, however, tell the doc he’s in town to get revenge though doesn’t reveal any details.


After the church service ends, Billy forcibly kisses the woman the others were talking about.  She slaps him.  Billy and Turk prepare to rob the bank in that town but other bandits beat them to it.  In the mayhem that follows, someone is killed.


The remainder of The Deadly Companions is about revenge, redemption, and revelation.  The movie is a series of adventures where anything that can go wrong does, and even a good guy does bad things.


Filmed at Old Tucson Studios, its trademark three mountain peaks are visible about halfway through.  Maureen O’Hara and Brian Keith work well together and the final scenes of the movie are satisfyingly tense.  The Deadly Companions is certainly an apt description of the trio at the center of this taut, well-acted movie.